Parts of the body, part 2: the stuff on the inside

If you’re looking for the parts on the outside, try here.

  • Brain: مُخ (mukhkh, means the physical organ) or دِماغ (dimāgh, connotes the seat of thought)
  • Skull: جَمجَمة (jamjamah)
  • Tooth: سِن (sinn, plural أسنان asnān) and ضِرس (ḍirs, plural أضراس aḍrās, refers specifically to the molars)
  • Spine: العَمود الفَقري (al-ʿamūd al-faqrī)
  • Vertebra: فَقرة (faqrah) or فَقار (faqār)
  • Throat: حَلق (ḥalq)
  • Heart: قَلب (qalb), not to be confused with the similar sounding كَلب (kalb), which means “dog”
  • Lung: رِئة (riʾah); the dual (you don’t have more than two, do you?) is رِئَتان (riʾatān)
  • Liver: كَبد (kabd)
  • Ribs: ضُلوع (ḍulūʿ)
  • Stomach: مِعدة (miʿdah)
  • Intestines: مِعى (miʿan) or مِعاءِ (miʿāʾ)
    • Small intestine: المِعى الدُقاق (al-miʿan al-duqāq) or المِعاء الدُقاق (al-miʿāʾ al-duqāq)
    • Large intestine: المِعى الغِلاظ (al-miʿan al-ghilāẓ) or المِعاء الغِلاظ (al-miʿāʾ al-ghilāẓ)
  • Kidney: كُلية (kulyah) or كُلوة (kulwah), pl. كَلاوي (kalāwī), dual كُلیَتان (kulyatān)
  • Bladder: مَثانة (mathānah)
  • Muscle: عَضَلة (ʿaḍalah), plural عَضَل (ʿaḍal)
  • Bone: عَظم (ʿaẓm), pl. عِظام (ʿiẓām)
  • Cartilage: غُضروف (ghuḍrūf)
  • Blood: دَم (dam)
  • Blood vessel: أوعية دَمَوية (awʿīyah damawīyah)
    • Artery: شِريان (shiryān)
    • Vein: وَريد (warīd)
  • Nerves: عَصَب (ʿaṣab)
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