Parts of the body, part 2: the stuff on the inside

If you’re looking for the parts on the outside, try here.

  • Brain: مُخ (mukhkh, means the physical organ) or دِماغ (dimāgh, connotes the seat of thought)
  • Skull: جَمجَمة (jamjamah)
  • Tooth: سِن (sinn, plural أسنان asnān) and ضِرس (ḍirs, plural أضراس aḍrās, refers specifically to the molars)
  • Spine: العَمود الفَقري (al-ʿamūd al-faqrī)
  • Vertebra: فَقرة (faqrah) or فَقار (faqār)
  • Throat: حَلق (ḥalq)
  • Heart: قَلب (qalb), not to be confused with the similar sounding كَلب (kalb), which means “dog”
  • Lung: رِئة (riʾah); the dual (you don’t have more than two, do you?) is رِئَتان (riʾatān)
  • Liver: كَبد (kabd)
  • Ribs: ضُلوع (ḍulūʿ)
  • Stomach: مِعدة (miʿdah)
  • Intestines: مِعى (miʿan) or مِعاءِ (miʿāʾ)
    • Small intestine: المِعى الدُقاق (al-miʿan al-duqāq) or المِعاء الدُقاق (al-miʿāʾ al-duqāq)
    • Large intestine: المِعى الغِلاظ (al-miʿan al-ghilāẓ) or المِعاء الغِلاظ (al-miʿāʾ al-ghilāẓ)
  • Kidney: كُلية (kulyah) or كُلوة (kulwah), pl. كَلاوي (kalāwī), dual كُلیَتان (kulyatān)
  • Bladder: مَثانة (mathānah)
  • Muscle: عَضَلة (ʿaḍalah), plural عَضَل (ʿaḍal)
  • Bone: عَظم (ʿaẓm), pl. عِظام (ʿiẓām)
  • Cartilage: غُضروف (ghuḍrūf)
  • Blood: دَم (dam)
  • Blood vessel: أوعية دَمَوية (awʿīyah damawīyah)
    • Artery: شِريان (shiryān)
    • Vein: وَريد (warīd)
  • Nerves: عَصَب (ʿaṣab)

Parts of the body, part 1: the stuff on the outside

Starting at the top and working our way down, with some miscellaneous bits at the end:

  • Head: رأس (raʾs)
  • Face: وَجه (wajh)
  • Eye: عين (ʿayn, plural is عُيون ʿuyūn, dual is عينان ʿaynān but use the plural)
  • Eyelash: رِمش (rimsh, plural رُموش rumūsh)
  • Eyebrow: حاجِب العين (ḥājib al-ʿayn, dual حاجِبان ḥājibān, plural حَواجِب ḥawājib)
  • Ear: سَمع (samʿ, plural اسماع asmāʿ) or اذن (udhn, plural آذان ādhān)
  • Nose: أنف (anf, pl. آناف ānāf or انوف unūf)
  • Mouth: فُم (fumm, pl. افمام afmām)
  • Lip: شَفة (shafah, pl. شِفاه shifāh)
  • Tongue: لُغة (lughah, can also mean “language”)
  • Cheek: خَد (khadd, dual خَدان khaddān, pl. خُدود khudūd)
  • Beard: لِحية (liḥyah)
  • Mustache: شارِب (shārib, often dual شارِبان shāribān)
  • Chin: ذَقن (dhaqin or dhaqn)
  • Neck: عُنق (ʿunuq or ʿunq)
  • Shoulder: كَتِف (katif or kitf, pl. اكتاف aktāf)
  • Arm: ذِراع (dhirāʿ, pl. أذرُع adhruʿ)
  • Elbow: كوع (kūʿ)
  • Wrist: مِعصَم (miʿṣam, مَعاصِم pl. maʿāṣim)
  • Finger: إصبَع (iṣbaʿ), pl. أصابِع (aṣābiʿ)
  • Thumb: إبهام (ibhām); this can also mean “big toe,” so to specify the one on the hand you’ll need to say إبهام اليَد (ibhām al-yad)
  • Hand: يَد (yad)
  • Chest: صَدر (ṣadr)
  • Belly/Abdomen: بَطن (baṭn)
  • Back: ظُهر (ẓuhr)
  • Butt: مؤخَرة (muʾakhkharah), كَفَل (kapal), or رِدف (ridf)
  • Genitalia: قَضيب (qaḍīb, penis), مَهبَل (mahbal or mahbil, vagina)
  • Leg: ساق (sāq)
  • Thigh: فَخِذ (fakhidh)
  • Knee: رُكبة (rukbah)
  • Ankle: كاحِل (kāḥil) or كَعب (kaʿb)
  • Heel: كَعب (kaʿb)
  • Foot: قَدَم (qadam)
  • Toe: إصبَع القَدَم (iṣbaʿ al-qadam), pl. أصابِع القَدَم (aṣābiʿ al-qadam), lit. “finger of the foot”
  • Skin: بَشَرة (basharah) or جِلد (jild)
  • Hair: شَعر (shaʿr, a single hair is شَعرة shaʿrah)
  • Nail (finger or toe, not the metal kind): ظُفُر (ẓufur or ẓufr), pl. اظفار (aẓfār) or اظافِر (aẓāfir)