Parts of the body, part 1: the stuff on the outside

Starting at the top and working our way down, with some miscellaneous bits at the end:

  • Head: رأس (raʾs)
  • Face: وَجه (wajh)
  • Eye: عين (ʿayn, plural is عُيون ʿuyūn, dual is عينان ʿaynān but use the plural)
  • Eyelash: رِمش (rimsh, plural رُموش rumūsh)
  • Eyebrow: حاجِب العين (ḥājib al-ʿayn, dual حاجِبان ḥājibān, plural حَواجِب ḥawājib)
  • Ear: سَمع (samʿ, plural اسماع asmāʿ) or اذن (udhn, plural آذان ādhān)
  • Nose: أنف (anf, pl. آناف ānāf or انوف unūf)
  • Mouth: فُم (fumm, pl. افمام afmām)
  • Lip: شَفة (shafah, pl. شِفاه shifāh)
  • Tongue: لُغة (lughah, can also mean “language”)
  • Cheek: خَد (khadd, dual خَدان khaddān, pl. خُدود khudūd)
  • Beard: لِحية (liḥyah)
  • Mustache: شارِب (shārib, often dual شارِبان shāribān)
  • Chin: ذَقن (dhaqin or dhaqn)
  • Neck: عُنق (ʿunuq or ʿunq)
  • Shoulder: كَتِف (katif or kitf, pl. اكتاف aktāf)
  • Arm: ذِراع (dhirāʿ, pl. أذرُع adhruʿ)
  • Elbow: كوع (kūʿ)
  • Wrist: مِعصَم (miʿṣam, مَعاصِم pl. maʿāṣim)
  • Finger: إصبَع (iṣbaʿ), pl. أصابِع (aṣābiʿ)
  • Thumb: إبهام (ibhām); this can also mean “big toe,” so to specify the one on the hand you’ll need to say إبهام اليَد (ibhām al-yad)
  • Hand: يَد (yad)
  • Chest: صَدر (ṣadr)
  • Belly/Abdomen: بَطن (baṭn)
  • Back: ظُهر (ẓuhr)
  • Butt: مؤخَرة (muʾakhkharah), كَفَل (kapal), or رِدف (ridf)
  • Genitalia: قَضيب (qaḍīb, penis), مَهبَل (mahbal or mahbil, vagina)
  • Leg: ساق (sāq)
  • Thigh: فَخِذ (fakhidh)
  • Knee: رُكبة (rukbah)
  • Ankle: كاحِل (kāḥil) or كَعب (kaʿb)
  • Heel: كَعب (kaʿb)
  • Foot: قَدَم (qadam)
  • Toe: إصبَع القَدَم (iṣbaʿ al-qadam), pl. أصابِع القَدَم (aṣābiʿ al-qadam), lit. “finger of the foot”
  • Skin: بَشَرة (basharah) or جِلد (jild)
  • Hair: شَعر (shaʿr, a single hair is شَعرة shaʿrah)
  • Nail (finger or toe, not the metal kind): ظُفُر (ẓufur or ẓufr), pl. اظفار (aẓfār) or اظافِر (aẓāfir)
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One thought on “Parts of the body, part 1: the stuff on the outside

  1. Pingback: Parts of the body, part 2: the stuff on the inside | Arabic Word a Day

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